Resources and Readings for Specific Medieval Maps / Mapmakers

Dr. Helen Davies  |  Chris Rouse  |  Dr. Tobias Hrynick  |  Dr. John Wyatt GreenleeGough Map Research Group 

Hereford  |  Ebstorf  |  Psalter  |  Vercelli  |  Matthew Paris  |  Fra Mauro  |  Gough  |  Others

The Hereford Mappamundi

Bailey, Martin. ‘The Mappa Mundi Triptych: The Full Story of the Hereford Cathedral Panels’. Apollo 137, no. 376 (1993): 374–78.

Birkholz, Daniel. ‘Hereford Maps, Hereford Lives’. In Mapping Medieval Geographies Geographical Encounters in the Latin West and Beyond, 300–1600, edited by Keith D. Lilley, 225–49. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Flint, Valerie I. J. ‘The Hereford Map: Its Author(s), Two Scenes and a Border’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 8 (1998): 19–44.

Harvey, P.D.A. Mappa Mundi: The Hereford World Map. London: The British Library, 1996.

———, ed. The Hereford World Map: Medieval World Maps and Their Context. London: The British Library, 2006.

Kline, Naomi Reed. Maps of Medieval Thought: The Hereford Paradigm. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2001.

Kupfer, Marcia Ann. Art and Optics in the Hereford Map: An English Mappa Mundi, C. 1300. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016.

Scully, Diarmuid. ‘Augustus, Rome, Britain and Ireland on the Hereford Mappa Mundi: Imperium and Salvation’. Peregrinations: Journal of Medieval Art and Architecture 4, no. 1 (2013): 107–33.

Strickland, Debra Higgs. ‘Edward I, Exodus, and England on the Hereford World Map’. Speculum 93, no. 2 (2018): 420–69.

Terkla, Dan. ‘Informal Catechesis and the Hereford Mappa Mundi’. In The Art, Science, and Technology of Medieval Travel, edited by Robert Bork and Andrea Kann, 127–41. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, 2008.

———. ‘Speaking the Map: Teaching with the Hereford Mappa Mundi’. Geotema 27 (2007): 199–214.

———. ‘The Original Placement of the Hereford Mappa Mundi’. Imago Mundi 56, no. 2 (2004): 131–51.

Wesselow, Thomas de. ‘Locating the Hereford Mappamundi’. Imago Mundi 65, no. Part 2 (2013): 180–206.

Westrem, Scott D. ‘Making a Mappamundi: The Hereford Map’. Terrae Incognitae 34, no. 1 (2002): 19–33.

———. The Hereford Map: A Transcription and Translation of the Legends with Commentary. Turnhout: Brepols, 2001.

Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn. “Reading the World: The Hereford Mappa Mundi.” Parengon 9:1 (1991): 117-35.

The Ebstorf Mappamundi

Chekin, Leonid S. ‘Cities of Rus’ on the Ebstorf Map’. Scando-Slavica 38, no. 1 (1992): 98–107.

Kupfer, Marcia Ann. ‘Reflections in the Ebstorf Map Cartography, Theology and Dilectio Speculationis’. In Mapping Medieval Geographies Geographical Encounters in the Latin West and Beyond, 300–1600, edited by Keith D. Lilley, 100–126. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. 

Pischke, G. ‘The Ebstorf Map: Tradition and Contents of a Medieval Picture of the World’. History of Geo- and Space Sciences 5, no. 2 (2014): 155–61.

Wolf, Armin. “The Ebstorf Mapapmundi and Gervase of Tilbury: The Controversy Revisited.” Imago Mundi, 62 no. 1 (2012), 1-27. (link)

The Psalter Mappamundi

Brott, LauraLee. ‘The Geography of Devotion in the British Library Map Psalter’. Cartographica: The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization 53, no. 3 (2018): 211–24.

Morgan, Nigel. A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles Volume Four: Early Gothic Manuscripts [II] 1250-1285. London: Harvey Miller, 1988.

Van Duzer, Chet. ‘The Psalter Map (c. 1262)’. In A Critical Companion to English Mappae Mundi of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, edited by Dan Terkla and Nick Millea, 179–96. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2019.

Wacha, Heather and LauraLee Brott. “Reframing the World: The Materiality of Two Mappaemundi in BL, Add. MS 28681.” Imago Mundi, 72 no. 2 (2020), 148-162. (link)

The Vercelli Map

Helen Davies. “Multispectral Imaging of the Vercelli Mappa Mundi: A Progress Report.” Imago Mundi, 72 no. 2 (2020), 181-191 (link)

Errera, Carolo. “Un Mappamondo Medievale Sconosciuto nell’Archivo Capitolare de Vercelli.” In Atti della R. Academia delle Scienze di Torino, 8–11. Volume XLVI. Torino: Vincenzo Bona, 1910.

———.  “Un Mappamondo Medioevale Ritrovato a Vercelli.” Rivista Geografica Italiana 18 (1911): 107.

Mittman, Asa Simon. “Reexamining the Vercelli Map,” Ordinare il mondo. Diagrammi e simboli nelle pergamene di Vercelli, ed. Timoty Leonardi and Marco Rainini (Milan: Vita Pensiero, 2019).” (2019).

Von den Brincken, Anna-Dorothee. “Monumental Legends on Medieval Manuscript Maps Notes on Designed Capital Letters on Maps of Large Size (demonstrated from the Problem of Dating the Vercelli Map, Thirteenth Century).” Imago Mundi 42 (1990): 9–25.

Matthew Paris’s Maps

Breen, Katharine. “Returning Home from Jerusalem: Matthew Paris’s First Map of Britain in Its Manuscript.” Representations 89, no. 1 (Winter 2005): 55–93.

Connolly, Daniel K. “Copying Maps By Matthew Paris: Itineraries Fit For A King.” In The ‘Book’ of Travels: Genre, Ethnology, and Pilgrimage, 1250-1700, edited by Palmira Johnson Brummett, 159–203. Boston: Brill, 2009.

———. “Imagined Pilgrimage in the Itinerary Maps of Matthew Paris.” The Art Bulletin 81, no. 4 (December 1999): 598–622.

———. The Maps of Matthew Paris. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009.

Edson, Evelyn. “Matthew Paris’s ‘Other’ Map of Palestine.” The Map Collector 66 (1994): 18-22. 

Gaudio, Michael. “Mathew Paris and the Cartography of the Margins.” Gesta 39, no. 1 (2000): 50–57.

Gilson, J.P.. Four Maps of Great Britain Designed by Matthew Paris about A.D. 1250, Reproduced from Three Manuscripts in the British Museum and One at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. London: British Museum, 1928.

Greenlee, John Wyatt. Matthew Paris’s Clickable Map: An Interactive Claudius Map. Digital resource. (link)

———.“‘The Queen of All Islands’:  The Imagined Cartography of Matthew Paris’s Britain.” Masters of Arts, East Tennessee State University, 2013.

Harvey, P. D. A. “Matthew Paris’s Maps of Britain.” In Thirteenth Century England IV: Proceedings of the Newcastle upon Tyne Conference, 1991, edited by P. R. Cross and S. D. Lloyd, 109-122. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1992. 

———. ‘Matthew Paris’s Maps of Palestine.’ In Thirteenth Century England VIII: Proceedings of the Durham Conference 1999, edited by Michael Prestwich, Richard Britnell and Robin Frame, 165-78. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2001. 

Lewis, Suzanne. The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora. Berkley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1987.

Mitchell, J.B. “The Matthew Paris Maps.” The Geographical Journal 81, no. 1 (January 1933): 27–34.

Vaughan, Richard. Matthew Paris. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

The Fra Mauro Mappamundi

Cattaneo, Angelo. ‘God in His World: The Earthly Paradise in Fra Mauro’s “Mappamundi” Illuminated by Leonardo Bellini’. Imago Mundi 55 (2003): 97–102.

Davies, Surekha. ‘The Wondrous East in the Renaissance Geographical Imagination: Marco Polo, Fra Mauro and Giovanni Battista Ramusio’. History and Anthropology 23, no. 2 (2012): 215–34.

Mauntel, Christoph. ‘Fra Mauro’s View on the Boring Question of Continents’. Peregrinations: Journal of Medieval Art and Architecture 6, no. 3 (2018): 54–77.

O’Doherty, Marianne. ‘Fra Mauro’s World Map (c. 1448-1459): Mapping, Mediation and the Indian Ocean World in the Early Renaissance’. Wasafiri 26, no. 2 (2011): 30–36.

The Gough Map

Delano-Smith, Catherine, et al. “New Light on the Medieval Gough Map of Britain.” Imago Mundi 69, no. 1 (2017): 1-36.

Gough, Richard. British Topography; or, an historical account of what has been done for Illustrating the topographical antiquities of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 vols. London, 1780.

Lilley, Keith D., and Christopher D. Lloyd, with Bruce M.S. Campbell. “Mapping the Realm: A New Look at the Gough Map of Britain (c. 1360). Imago Mundi 61, no. 1 (2009): 1-28.

Millea, Nick. The Gough Map: The Earliest Road Map of Great Britain? Oxford: The Bodliean Library, 2007.

Lilly, Keith, Nick Millea, and Paul Vetch. Linguistic Geographies: The Gough Map of Great Britain. Online digital resource. (link)

Parsons, Edward J.S. The Map of Great Britain circa A.D. 1360 known as the Gough Map Preserved in The Bodleian Library, Oxford. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Sanders, William Basevi. “Map of England and Scotland (author unknown) preserved in the Bodleian Library; probable date, about 1300.” In The Thirty-Second Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records 1. Southampton, Ordnance Survey. London: HMSO.

– Accompanies a reduced colored facsimile and transcription of place names and inscriptions

For an extended bibliography, provided by the Gough Map Research Group, click here.


Albu, Emily. “Rethinking the Peutinger Map.” In Cartography in Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Fresh Perspectives, New Methods, edited by Richard J. A. Talbert and Richard W. Unger, 111–120. Boston: Brill, 2008.

Harding, Catherine. “Opening to God: The Cosmographical Diagrams of Opicinus de Canistris.” Zeitschrift Für Kunstgeschichte 61, no. 1 (January 1, 1998): 18–39. (link)

Salomon, Richard G. “A Newly Discovered Manuscript of Opicinus de Canistris: A Preliminary Report.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 16, no. 1/2 (January 1, 1953): 45–57. (link)

———. “Aftermath to Opicinus de Canistris.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 25, no. 1/2 (January 1, 1962): 137–46. (link)

Van Duzer, Chet, and Ilya Dines. Apocalyptic Cartography: Thematic Maps and the End of the World in a Fifteenth-Century Manuscript. Apocalyptic Cartography. Leiden: Brill, 2016. 

———. ‘The Only Mappamundi in a Bestiary Context: Cambridge, MS Fitzwilliam 254’. Imago Mundi 58, no. 1 (2006): 7–22.

Whittington, Karl. Body-Worlds: Opicinus de Canistris and the Medieval Cartographic Imagination. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2014.

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