Meditations on the Historical Production of Spaces

Chronological Gough Map Bibliography


Gough Map Research Group  |  @GoughMap

Information provided by the Gough Map research group: ‘Understanding the medieval Gough Map through physics, chemistry and history’ (Leverhulme Trust RPG-2019-070). Contact: Nick Millea 

Books, Articles, and other Written Sources

1780 Gough, Richard. British Topography: or, an historical account of what has been done for Illustrating the topographical antiquities of Great Britain and Ireland (London, 2 vols). (Link Vol. 1) (Link Vol. 2)

1871 Sanders, William Basevi. “Map of England and Scotland (author unknown) preserved in the Bodleian Library; probable date, about 1300.” In The Thirty-Second Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records 1 (Southampton, Ordnance Survey; London, HMSO).

– Accompanies a reduced coloured facsimile and transcription of place names and inscriptions [see facsimiles]

1909 Reinhard, Walter. ‘Zur entwickelung des Kartenbildes der Britischen Inseln bis auf Merkators Karte vom jahre 1564’, Zschopau [Reprint: Amsterdam, Meridian Publishing,1967]

1933 Pelham, R. A. “Early maps of Great Britain, II: the Gough map.” Geographical Journal 81: 34–39

1936 Stenton, Sir Frank Merry. “The road system of medieval England.” Economic History Review 7: 1–21. (link)

1946 Campbell, Eila M. J. The History of Cartographical Symbols with Special Reference to Those Employed on Maps of a Scale Less than 1:50,000 (unpublished MA Thesis, University of London). (178–80).

1958 Parsons, Edward. J. S. The Map of Great Britain circa A.D. 1360 known as the Gough Map. An Introduction to the Facsimile. With ‘The roads of the Gough Map’, by Sir Frank Stenton (Oxford, Bodleian Library Map Reproduction 1; Royal Geographical Society, Reproductions of early manuscript maps IV).

1959 Campbell, Eila M. J. “The Map of Great Britain circa A.D. 1360 known as the Gough Map. An Introduction to the Facsimile by E. J. S. Parsons.” Unpublished review of Parsons 1958, intended for the Geographical Journal. 4 pp. British Library Map Room, Imago Mundi Archive, 47.

1970 Parsons, Edward. J. S. The Map of Great Britain circa A.D. 1360 known as the Gough Map Preserved in The Bodleian Library, Oxford (Oxford, Oxford University Press). Reprint of 1958 edition with minor revisions. Reprinted in 1996.

1978 Walters, Gwyn. “Richard Gough’s map collecting for the British Topography 1780.” The Map Collector 2: 26–29.

1980 Hindle, Brian Paul. “Towns and roads of the Gough Map (c. 1360).” Manchester Geographer 1:1: 35–49.

1982 Hindle, Brian Paul, Medieval Roads and Tracks (Princes Risborough, Shire Publications; further editions 1989, 1998, 2008). Has a short section on Gough map routes.

1982 Hindle, Brian Paul. “Roads and Tracks.” in The English Medieval Landscape, ed. L. Cantor. (London, Croom Helm), 193–217.

1987 Harvey, P. D. A. “Local and regional cartography in medieval Europe.”  In The History of Cartography, Volume 1: Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean, ed. J. B. Harley and David Woodward (Chicago, University of Chicago Press), 496, pl. 40. (link)

1987 Edwards, James F. The Transport System of Medieval England and Wales: A Geographical Synthesis. Thesis, University of Salford. (link)

1991 Harvey, P. D. A. Medieval Maps (London, The British Library, 1991), pp.73–78.

2004 Sweet, R. H. “Gough, Richard.” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. (link)

2004 Birkholz, Daniel. The King’s Two Maps: Cartography and Culture in Thirteenth-Century England (London, Routledge).

2006 Birkholz, Daniel. “The Gough map revisited: Thomas Butler’s The Mape off Ynglound. c. 1547–1554.” Imago Mundi 58:1: 23–47.

2006 Clarkson, Christopher. “The Gough Map (MS. Gough Gen. Top. 16) — A Report on Its Condition & Future Preservation. 6th October 2006.” Unpublished internal report to the Bodleian Library.

2007 Millea, Nick. The Gough Map: The Earliest Road Map of Great Britain? (Oxford, The Bodleian Library).

2008 Millea, Nick. “The Gough map: Britain’s oldest road map, or a statement of empire?” In The Art, Science, and Technology of Medieval Travel, ed. Robert Bork and Andrea Kann (Aldershot, Ashgate), 143–56.

2009 Barber, Peter, King Henry’s Map of the British Isles: BL Cotton Augustus I.i.9 (London, Folio Society), Commentary, 21–34.

Also draws attention to later maps derived from the Gough map.

2009 Clarkson, Christopher, and Martinita Stiglitz. “The Gough map: its nature, conservation history and display.” The Bodleian Library Record 22:2: 212–24. 

This volume contains a number of other essays “In celebration of Richard Gough (1735–1809).”

2009 Lilley, Keith D., and Christopher D. Lloyd, with Bruce M.S. Campbell. “Mapping the Realm: a new look at the Gough map of Britain (c. 1360).” Imago Mundi 61:1: 1–28.

2009 Lloyd, Christopher D., and Keith D. Lilley. “Cartographic veracity in medieval mapping: analyzing geographical variation in the Gough map of Great Britain.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 99:1: 27–48.

2009 Whittemore, Philip, and Chris Byrom. A Very British Antiquary: Richard Gough 1735–1809. (London: Wynchmore Books). Includes a transcript of Gough’s will.

2010 Lawson, Terence G. “Details of Kent shown on the mid fourteenth-century Gough map.” Archaeologia Cantiana 130: 387–95.

2010 Smallwood, T. M. “The date of the Gough map.” Imago Mundi 62:1: 3–29.

2011 anon., “The Gough map of Great Britain: the most remarkable cartographic monument of medieval England.” The Bodleian Library Record 24:2: 215-17.

2012 Lilley, Keith D. “Mapping Plantagenet rule through the Gough map of Great Britain.” In Herrschaft verorten. Politische Kartographie im Mittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit, ed. I.Baumgärtner and M. Stercken (Zurich, Chronos), 77–97.

2012 Smallwood, T. M. “The making of the Gough map reconsidered: a personal view.” Imago Mundi 64:2: 169–80.

2012 Solopova, Elizabeth. “The making and re-making of the Gough map of Britain: manuscript evidence and historical context.” Imago Mundi 64: 2: 155–168.

2015 Bower, David. “The medieval Gough map: its settlement geography and the inaccurate representation of Wales.” Imago Mundi 67:2: 145–67.

2017 Delano-Smith, Catherine, et al. “New Light on the Medieval Gough Map of Britain.” Imago Mundi 69:1: 1-36



2018 Dorado-Munoz, L., D.W. Messinger, D. Bove. “Integrating spatial and spectral information for enhancing spatial features in the Gough map of Great Britain.” Journal of Cultural Heritage 34 (2018) 159–165

2019 Bai, D., D.W. Messinger, and D. Howell. “A Hyperspectral Imaging Spectral Unmixing and Classification Approach to Pigment Mapping in the Gough & Selden Maps.” Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 58, Issue 1-2

2020 Delano-Smith, C., D. Bove. “The Gough Map. Revealing Function Through Cartography.” In The Aura in the Age of Digital Materiality: Rethinking Preservation in the Shadow of an Uncertain Future – Factum Arte, Silvana Editoriale,  238-249 (link)

A collection of essays – in an exhibition catalogue – exploring digital technology and cultural heritage.


1780 [James Basire] Etching on copper plate. 32 × 67 cm. Plate VI in Richard Gough, British Topography, vol.1, folded and inserted at p. 78. (More a fair copy than a facsimile)

1870 Map of Great Britain of the 14th Century, in the Bodleian Library, in Facsimiles of National Manuscripts of Scotland (Southampton, Ordnance Survey, 1871, 3 vols). 31 × 52 cm. Zincograph on two pages, followed by a printed transcription of names on the same scale. By Colonel Sir Henry James, R.E., Director of The Ordnance Survey. (Printed in three colours)

1875 Reduced Facsimile of Ancient Map of Great Britain. Circa A.D. 1300. Copy of the above with a description by William Basevi Sanders, ‘Map of England and Scotland (author unknown) preserved in The Bodleian Library, probable date, about 1300’ (Southampton, Ordnance Survey). 32 × 67 cm. Comprises an unpaginated 4–page booklet and 3 colour zincograph of the map.

1935 Facsimile of the Ancient Map of Great Britain in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. A.D. 1325–50. Major General Sir Henry James, R.E., F.R.S., &, Director (Southampton, Ordnance Survey). 49 × 103 cm.

Printed outlines of all features and names redrawn. Almost full size, monochrome version of 1870 image.

1937 Facsimile of the Ancient Map of Great Britain in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. A.D. 1325–50. Ancient Names Transcribed in Red. Major General Sir Henry James, R.E., F.R.S., &, Director (Southampton, Ordnance Survey). 49 × 103 cm. Reprinted 1966, 1973.

Almost full size, monochrome version of 1870 image, with red transcriptions.

1958 The Map of Great Britain circa A.D. 1360 known as the Gough Map Preserved in The Bodleian Library, Oxford. (Printed for the Bodleian Library and the Royal Geographical Society by the University Press, Oxford. Vol IV in the R.G.S.’s series of Reproductions of Early Manuscript Maps.)

Two sheets, each 55 × 61 cm. With accompanying text by E. J.S. Parsons and Sir Frank Stenton.

1961 Anonymous Map of Great Britain (the Gough Map), c. A.D. 1360, Bodleian Library, MS. Gough Top. 16. 13 × 28 cm. In Early Maps of the British Isles. A.D. 1000–A.D. 1597, with an introduction and notes by Gerard R. Crone (London, Royal Geographical Society). Plate 6, with notes on 16–19. Much reduced from the Ordnance Survey’s zincograph of 1875.

The portfolio contains the map, colour collotype, and two transparent overlays, also in two sheets, one with printed transcriptions of the names and the other with modern town and river names on a modern geographical outline.

1970 The Map of Great Britain circa A.D. 1360 known as the Gough Map Preserved in The Bodleian Library, Oxford. Reissue of the1958 portfolio (see above). Parsons’ text contains minor revisions. Reissued in 1996.

1996 The Map of Great Britain circa A.D. 1360 known as The Gough Map, Preserved in the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford (MS Gough Gen. Top. 16). 45 ×94 cm. Colored lithograph.


Digital Reproductions

2004 Oxford Digital Library (financed by Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, scanned by DigiData Technologies Ltd before conservation).  (link)

2011 Linguistic Geographies: The Gough Map of Great Britain (a joint Queen’s University, Belfast /King’s College London /Bodleian Project). This scan was made in 2010 – the first post conservation. 2020 – the website is being revived by the Leverhulme Trust funded project. Soon to be updated. (link)


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